Recently, in the “Sanqiu” agricultural machinery and agronomy integration and straw mechanization comprehensive utilization site meeting in Shaanxi Province, dozens of modern agricultural machinery involved in the whole process of grain production, farming and planting have gathered in the village of Mazong Street, Xingping City, Shaanxi Province. The village, on-site demonstrations and demonstrations, with efficient work efficiency and intelligent farming methods, let the farmers in the province come to observe the agricultural machinery staff praise.
“These two silage harvesters are imported from Germany, each with more than two million yuan, belonging to the most advanced silage machinery in the world. The working area of one day can reach 300-400 mu.” Xingping Meiqiang Grass Industry Agricultural Machinery Ren Meiqiang, chairman of the cooperative, told reporters that “the use of this machine not only has high efficiency in harvesting silage, but also has a good nutritional preservation effect on harvested silage. In July, it has harvested 15,000 tons of silage corn.”
An unmanned no-till seed drill on site caused the attendees to watch. I saw that there was no one in the cab, but the vehicle was working straight in the field, braking automatically after encountering obstacles, intelligently judging obstacles, and actively avoiding. After going to the edge of the arable land, it will automatically turn around and enter the next unit.
According to the staff, the unmanned seeder uses satellite positioning for operation, and the path is automatically planned, which can achieve precise seeding, the line spacing error is less than 2 cm, and the operation is convenient. The planting workload of more than 100 mu per day can be completed, and the manpower is reduced. At the same time, it not only saves costs, but also greatly improves work efficiency.
“Although we have made great progress in the manufacturing technology of agricultural machinery and equipment, due to the inconsistency between agricultural machinery and agronomy, the efficiency and effectiveness of mechanical harvesting in China is low.” Professor Zhu Ruixiang of Northwest Agriculture and Forestry University said, “The current corn planting distance in Europe and America. Basically, it is 65-66 cm, but our domestic corn planting is as small as 40 cm and as large as 1.2 m. The width of corn planting is not compatible with the width of mechanical operations."
"The next step is to vigorously promote the integration of agricultural machinery and agronomy, establish a coordinated mechanism for the integration of agricultural machinery and agronomy, and carry out joint research on multi-sectoral technologies such as agriculture, science and technology, and scientific research institutions, especially in the fields of agricultural machinery, agricultural technology, plant protection, seeds, and soil and fertilizer. Set up an expert group to solve technical problems in the integration of agricultural machinery and agronomy, establish key technology research and test demonstration fields, integrate and assemble production technology models, formulate technical specifications suitable for Shaanxi's improved varieties, good methods and good opportunities, and strive to promote the whole process of mechanization of grain production."Shaanxi Province Wang Wei, deputy director of the Agriculture Department, said.
It is reported that in recent years, Shaanxi Province has achieved remarkable results in promoting the comprehensive utilization of straw mechanization. Through the continuous increase of policy support, the agricultural machinery department of Shaanxi Province has cultivated agricultural machinery professional cooperatives, introduced advanced technology and machinery, and formed a variety of effective straws through the application of mechanized techniques such as straw returning, forage processing, straw storage and storage. Mechanized returning to the field and using the field. By the end of 2017, the province's comprehensive utilization of straw straw has reached more than 250,000 units, and the annual processing capacity of straw forage has reached 10 million tons. The mechanized comprehensive utilization rate of straw, wheat, corn and rice has reached 82.6%. In the summer of 2018, a total of 13.321 million mu of mechanized comprehensive utilization of wheat straw was completed, with a utilization rate of 87.2%.